Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park
Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park is located in the Central Highlands of Tasmania, Australia and covers an area of 1262 square kilometres (487.3 sq mls. It is part of the Tasmanian Wilderness World Heritage Area created in 1982. Cradle Mountain forms the northern end of the park and Lake St Clair, the deepest (200m; 656ft) lake in Australia, is at the southern end. The landscape of rugged mountains and mirror like lakes has been shaped by glacial activity over the last two million years.
The park’s alpine vegetation is very diverse, ranging from ancient rainforest to heathlands of buttongrass to stands of colourful deciduous fagus beech, or tanglefoot, Australia’s only native deciduous tree. Pandani, or giant grasstrees, wildflowers and native pines abound. It is also home to several hundred species of fungi, one of them being the strawberry bracket fungus which is an ancient Gondwanan species. The park supports a variety of native wildlife including pademelons, wallabies, quolls, Tasmanian devils, echidnas, wombats and possums. It has been identified as an Important Bird Area (IBA).